L.A. may have the Emmys, the Grammys and the Oscars; but New York City puts the T in “EGOT” with the Tony Awards, which annually honor excellence on Broadway stages. Who’s up for the medallion statue this year? See that and more on our complete guide to the 2014 Tony Awards. The winners will be revealed when Hugh Jackman hosts the 68th annual ceremony on June 8 at 8pm during a live telecast on CBS. Without giving away too much, Charlotte St. Martin, executive director of the Broadway League, which co-produces the awards with the American Theater Wing, hints at quite the spectacle this year. “With Hugh Jackman as our emcee, and with our former, very popular host Neil Patrick Harris actually performing on Broadway, there is all kinds of excitement about the potential of that being a pair-up. There are a lot of people betting it will happen since they’ve paired up before.” To further fuel the anticipation, here are 10 lesser-known facts about Broadway’s greatest annual show.
Why it’s called a “Tony”
“Tony” was the nickname of Antoinette Perry (1888-1946), a highly successful Broadway actor, director and producer for whom the awards are named. Perry’s Broadway debut was in the play Mrs. Temple’s Telegram in 1905. She went on to direct plays such as the Pulitzer Prize-winning Harvey, and she was one of the founders and the chairwoman of the American Theater Wing, which seeks to educate the public about theater. Perry, a widow of an oil magnate, was also a great philanthropist. For all of Perry’s success, however, she had the distinction of starring in one of Broadway’s longest running failures, a poorly reviewed, poorly attended play titled The Ladder, which ran for 794 performances.
The Tonys were born at Sardi’s restaurant
Antoinette Perry passed away from a heart attack in 1946, two years into her production of Harvey. A group of her close friends met at Sardi’s in the Theater District to discuss ways to preserve her memory. It was at the restaurant that the award was born, and a nomination committee, including theater luminaries such as Helen Hayes and Brooks Atkinson, was formed. Vincent Sardi, the proprietor of the restaurant was one of the first to receive a Tony in 1947. Though he wasn’t a Broadway performer, the award was to recognize the restaurateur’s tremendous support of the theater community.
The ceremony has evolved, as have the awards given (it was once a cigarette lighter!)
The first Tony Awards were held in the Waldorf-Astoria on Easter Sunday 1947, and 1,000 attendees enjoyed a dinner, dancing and entertainment from stage greats such as Mickey Rooney and Ethel Waters. The first and only time the awards were presented without entertainment was in 1966, to observe the passing of Helen Menken, then chairwoman of the American Theater Wing. Today, 5,000 gather at Radio City Music Hall for the ceremony and gala production that grows more extravagant each year. “We had 150 cast members participating in our opening number last year,” says St. Martin of the Broadway League. “Since 2006, we’ve gone from seven performances on the telecast to 15.”
The actual award has gone through transformations as well. Before it became the recognizable “gong”-like medallion statue, the awards were tokens such as money clips, cigarette lighters and compacts. In 1949 a contest was held for a new design. The current statue — the medallion with comedy and tragedy masks on one side and an image of Antoinette Perry on the other, was the winning entry.
More people watch Broadway shows than sports in NYC
According to St. Martin, this is a fact. “More people see a Broadway show than see all of the local professional sports teams combined,” she says. “That includes the Knicks, the Nets, the Jets, the Giants, the Rangers, the Yankees, the Mets combined. The annual attendance for sports team is between 8.5 and 9.5 million. For Broadway, the annual average is about 12 million.”
Tony awards run in some families
Tonys run in a few Broadway bloodlines. Amanda Plummer, for example, Tony winner for Agnes of God, is the daughter of two-time Tony winners Tammy Grimes (The Unsinkable Molly Brown and Private Lives) and Christopher Plummer (Cyrano and Barrymore). Richard Rodgers (The Sound of Music) and daughter Mary Rodgers (Once Upon a Mattress) were both nominated in the same category — Best Composer — in the same year, 1960. He won. Years later, Richard’s grandson, and Mary’s son, Adam Guettel took home two Tonys for Best Score and Best Orchestrations for A Light in the Piazza in 2005. In 2000, daughter Jennifer Ehle (The Real Thing) and her mother Rosemary Harris (Waiting in the Wings) were both nominated for Best Actress. Ehle won. Lynn Redgrave (Shakespeare for my Father) and niece Natasha Richardson (Anna Christie) were both nominated for best actress in 1993. They were both bested by the unrelated Madeline Kahn for her performance in The Sisters Rosensweig.
Tony history’s biggest winners
Producer/director Harold “Hal” Prince has the distinction of having earned the most Tonys, with 21 to his name for his golden touch on hits such as The Pajama Game, Cabaret, Sweeney Todd, Evita and Phantom of the Opera. “His staff told us that they actually had to move the Tonys out of his office because they were such a distraction,” says Heather Hitchens, executive director of the American Theater Wing. “People kept looking past him at all his Tony Awards.” There is currently a three-way tie for most-awarded female: Julie Harris, Angela Lansbury and Audra MacDonald have each won five. (MacDonald now has a chance to break the tie: She just opened in Lady Day at Emerson’s Bar & Grill). Harris is the most nominated performer with 10. The Producers took home 12 Tonys in 2001, the honor of most Tonys ever for a musical; while Tom Stoppard’s The Coast of Utopia in 2007 is the most winning non-musical, with seven awards.
Winning can be costly …
… if you’re one of many producers. According to The New York Times, Tonys are only given gratis to two lead producers. Shows such as last year’s hit Kinky Boots, however, have 20 investors (aka producers). If the additional producers want their very own award, they need to shell out $2,500 per person. The money goes to finance the costly production of the award ceremonies, which the Times surmises is “at least in the high seven figures.”
Controversies have added to the drama over the years
A few controversies over the years have set the stage for some drama. Julie Andrews, for example, withdrew her nomination for Best Actress in a musical in 1996, out of solidarity for the “snubbed” cast and crew of Victor/Victoria. The winning musical Contact raised the question in 2000 about what defines a musical, as a dance performance with pre-recorded music and no singing. And last year, did Neil Patrick Harris drop the N-word to Mike Tyson, during the opening musical number? His reps quickly sent out this statement after an accusation from the Daily Mail: “Neil unequivocally did not use derogatory language in the opening number of the Tony Awards, and for any outlet to indicate otherwise is completely irresponsible and utterly disrespectful.”
Did you know these television and film actors have won Tonys?
Al Pacino in 1977 for The Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel; Mad Men‘s Robert Morse for How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying in 1962 and again for Tru in 1990; Law and Order‘s Jerry Orbach for Promises, Promises in 1969; Seinfeld’s Jason Alexander for Jerome Robbins Broadway in 1989; Glenn Close for Death and the Maiden in 1992 and Sunset Boulevard in 1995; Sex and the City‘s Cynthia Nixon for Rabbit Hole in 2006; Denzel Washington in 2010 for Fences and Catherine Zeta Jones for A Little Night Music, also in 2010.
You don’t have to be in the industry to attend the Tonys
But you do have to be a bit lucky. A limited amount of tickets — about 200 — are available for purchase in the balcony and will go on sale on April 30. Check TonyAwards.com for details. Last year, tickets went quickly and cost $475. (Tickets to the very first Tony awards ceremony in 1947, as a point of interest, cost $7). Or, you can watch the telecast in the comfort of your home. The viewership in 2013, 7.3 million, was the highest since 2009.